The term electro-magnetic pulse
(sometimes abbreviated EMP) has the following meanings:
1. A burst of
electromagnetic radiation that results from an explosion
(especially a nuclear explosion) and/or a suddenly
fluctuating magnetic field. The resulting electric and
magnetic fields may couple with electrical/electronic
systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges.
2. A broadband,
high-intensity, short-duration burst of electromagnetic
In military terminology, an EMP bomb
detonated hundreds of kilometers above the earth's surface
is known as a high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP)
device. Nuclear electromagnetic bombs have three distinct
time components that result from different physical
phenomena. Effects of an EMP device depend on the altitude
of the detonation, energy yield, interactions with the
earth's magnetic field, and shielding of targets.
In 2004 & 2008 a Congressional Report
on EMPs was published by the U.S. government on the
potential threat and damage impact from an EMP attack. It
was chilling stuff but no one paid attention. In the
report, predictions run as high as 90% of the population
would die off in the year after an EMP because of the
complete collapse of our infrastructure. Such an attack
using as few as three small fission bombs could destroy
states have developed an ability to deliver a light
missile payload to the necessary altitude for an EMP
attack. Nuclear weapons in general have a much heavier
missile payload, however advanced weapons design enables
larger weapon yields with lighter weight. It is difficult
to know if any particular rogue state has the necessary
combination of advanced missile technology and nuclear
weapons technology to perform an effective nuclear EMP
attack over an industrialized country.
A common scenario
is the detonation of a device over the middle of the U.S.
using long-range missiles that have historically been
available only to major military powers. An offshore
detonation at high altitude, by contrast, would present
less technical difficulty and would disrupt both an entire
coast and regions hundreds of miles inland (e.g. 120 mile
altitude, 1,000 mile EMP radius).
The United States
military services have developed, and in some cases have
published, hypothetical EMP attack scenarios that are
likely to be much more technically accurate than those
that appear in the popular press.
The United States
EMP Commission was authorized by the United States
Congress in Fiscal Year 2001, and re-authorized in Fiscal
Year 2006. The commission is formally known as the
Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from
Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack.
In 1859 a solar astronomer named
“Carrington” observed a major solar flare and directly
linked it to impact on earth. The EMP pulse blew out "The
Victorian Internet" of its time - telegraphy systems,
starting fires in telegraph stations, and even on fence
posts that had barbed wire leading to them.
The general consensus in the
community of scientists and military who deal with EMP on
a day to day basis, is that a solar or military EMP is not
a question of if, it is only a question of when. NASA/NOAA
published a report in 2009 predicting a significant
increase in solar activity peaking in 2013.
To help resist this form of
catastrophe, the Vivos shelters are designed to withstand:
Severe electro-magnetic pulses (EMP)
from a solar flare, terrorist or terror state attack.
• Radiation exposure