The term electro-magnetic pulse (sometimes abbreviated EMP) has the following meanings:
In military terminology, an EMP bomb detonated hundreds of kilometers above the earth's surface is known as a high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) device. Nuclear electromagnetic bombs have three distinct time components that result from different physical phenomena. Effects of an EMP device depend on the altitude of the detonation, energy yield, interactions with the earth's magnetic field, and shielding of targets.
In 2004 & 2008 a Congressional Report on EMPs was published by the U.S. government on the potential threat and damage impact from an EMP attack. It was chilling stuff but no one paid attention. In the report, predictions run as high as 90% of the population would die off in the year after an EMP because of the complete collapse of our infrastructure. Such an attack using as few as three small fission bombs could destroy our country.
Some rogue states have developed an ability to deliver a light missile payload to the necessary altitude for an EMP attack. Nuclear weapons in general have a much heavier missile payload, however advanced weapons design enables larger weapon yields with lighter weight. It is difficult to know if any particular rogue state has the necessary combination of advanced missile technology and nuclear weapons technology to perform an effective nuclear EMP attack over an industrialized country.
A common scenario is the detonation of a device over the middle of the U.S. using long-range missiles that have historically been available only to major military powers. An offshore detonation at high altitude, by contrast, would present less technical difficulty and would disrupt both an entire coast and regions hundreds of miles inland (e.g. 120 mile altitude, 1,000 mile EMP radius).
The United States military services have developed, and in some cases have published, hypothetical EMP attack scenarios that are likely to be much more technically accurate than those that appear in the popular press.
The United States EMP Commission was authorized by the United States Congress in Fiscal Year 2001, and re-authorized in Fiscal Year 2006. The commission is formally known as the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack.
In 1859 a solar astronomer named “Carrington” observed a major solar flare and directly linked it to impact on earth. The EMP pulse blew out "The Victorian Internet" of its time - telegraphy systems, starting fires in telegraph stations, and even on fence posts that had barbed wire leading to them.
The general consensus in the community of scientists and military who deal with EMP on a day to day basis, is that a solar or military EMP is not a question of if, it is only a question of when. NASA/NOAA published a report in 2009 predicting a significant increase in solar activity peaking in 2013.
To help resist this form of catastrophe, the Vivos shelters are designed to withstand:
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